Sunday, March 27, 2011

Stock Market 101: Understand How Stocks Get Started

You buy shares from a certain stock and when the stock price goes up, you sell and earn money out of it. That is probably the main reason for all of us to invest in stock.  But do you know why stocks exist at the first place? Is it for you to invest and earn money out of it? Yeah, that’s true. But then why the company want to issue a share for your benefits? Don’t forget that economy is always win-win

Why stocks exist at the first place?

Stocks exist at the first place because companies want to raise capital (i.e. get more cash) for their business. Why companies want to increase their capital? Because they want to make their business big and eventually make even more money! Assuming a company wants to increase its capital to $1000K, the company will issue shares that worth for $1000K for investors to buy. Let’s say 100K shares are issued, 1 share will cost $1000K/100K = $10. When investors buy all these 100K shares, the company will able raise it cash or capital to $1000K. 

You may also wonder why don’t the companies raise their capital from bank by taking loan. That is because taking loan has its limitation and you usually can borrow up to certain limit. Also, when you’re in debt you need to pay for the interest too. In order to get more money than what you can borrow from bank and most importantly without debt, the most effective way is to make your company listed  in stock exchange by issuing shares to the public or in other words make your company a public company.

When your company is listed or became public, everyone can own part of your company by just buying shares from your company. For instant let's use the example above, you buy 1000 shares, you basically own 1K/100k = 1% of the company. If you buy 10K shares, then you own 10% of the company. Cool isn’t it?

How to determine the initial stock price?

Of course, the owners of a company decide what should be the initial stock price and how many shares they want to issue. However to determine the stock price, they must look from investors perspective. Let’s assuming you own this company and the annual net earning (i.e. net income – expenses) of this company is $100K.  How much do you think your company worth? Let’s say you price your company worth for $1000K, this means that if I’m a investor and I invest $1000K. I will get back $100K annually as my return of investment – ROI which is $100/$1000K = 10% (assuming the earning is constant in the coming years). If you price your company for $500K, then the ROI from investors is 20%. The technical term for this ROI is called “Dividend”.

So do you think investors will invest for 10% ROI or 20% ROI? Of course, 20% right? But keep in mind that you only get the capital of $500K from a company perspective. What if you offer 10% ROI, do you think investors will invest? If yes, then you will get the capital of $1000K which is 2 times more than $500K. You get more money by offering 10% ROI as compared to 20% ROI. So, should you price your company $500K or $1000K? Well, that depends how good your judgement on what are the investors' need and to get the optimum capital that you want. :D

If you issue 1 share for $1000K (which is unlikely in reality because after you sell your share, your company no longer belongs to you!) , then 1 share will cost $1000K. If you issue 100K shares, then 1 share will cost $1000K/100K = $10. If you issue 1000K shares, 1 share will cost $1000K/1000K = $1.  Do you think the public or investors have enough money to buy 1 share? So the quantity of the share decide how cheap is unit price per share that affordable by majority of investors. This is up to you to make a call too, if you’re the owner of the company.

Once you have decided to price your company for $1000K and issue 100K shares, your initial stock price will be $1000K/100K = $10 per share. So you make this offer to the public which is also called “Initial Public Offering (IPO)” with $10 per share.


Well, I summarized a lot of stuff here and in reality the process is a lot more complicated than what I have explained. I think it is always important to understand the basic fundamental especially from a company and investor perspective before we start investing in stock.

This article explains how stocks gets started in the first place. Feel free to comments and provide feedback if anything is not clear and you would like to discuss further. Happy investing!

Sunday, March 06, 2011

How to Embed Stocks that I am Watching?

If you're looking for a way to embed the stock charts in a website or a blog, you can now can do it through wikinvest. Here is my list of stocks that I"m watching and the chart shows 1 year history trend for that particular stock:



If you have a better way to embed stock chart into a website or a blog, feel free to share. So far, I find this wikinvest is the best.

[02 April 2011]: There is a bug in the Malaysian stock chart which shows only until August 2010 and I have reported to wikinvest. This is the respond that I got from them:
Hi Champdog,
I filed a report of this issue when you wrote in a few days ago, and it's been added to our developer's work queue. I don't have a formal estimate at this time, but I'll keep you posted of our progress.
Thanks for your patience!
Investing, Simplified.

[11 April 2011]: By the way, check it out  my latest post on Stock Portfolio System to monitor or track your stocks. I find it pretty useful! :)

[03 March 2011]: Added AIRASIA BHD

[04 April 2014]: Removed CIMB Group Holdings Berhad, PBA Holdings BHD and Airasia BHD because it is no longer working. :(

P/S: Now you can spy on me because I will continue keep this post updated for the stocks that I"m watching.

[04 April 2014]: By the way, I no longer keep this post updated for my watched stock, will be remove this link from the right panel as well.

Didn't find what you want? Use Google Search Engine below: